Anti-apartheid activist, political prisoner, politician and MP. Member of the ANC and MK. Imprisoned on Robben Island, 1964 to 1978, for being a member of a banned organisation. Served as regional coordinator for the UDF in the 1980s but had to go into exile for his ANC underground activities. Was part of the ANC negotiating team. Minister of sport and recreation, 1994–99. Promoted the de-racialisation of South African sport. Minister of safety and security, 1999–2002.