Lawyer, anti-apartheid activist and political prisoner. Member of the ANCYL and the ANC until he formed the PAC based on the vision of ‘Africa for Africans’. Editor of The Africanist newspaper. Arrested and detained following the Sharpeville Massacre in 1960. Convicted of incitement and sentenced to three years’ imprisonment. He spent another 6 years in prison under a law which allowed already convicted political prisoners to have their imprisonment renewed – this became known as the ‘Sobukwe Clause’. Released in 1969 banished to Galeshewe, Kimberley and placed under house arrest. Studied law, and opened his own law practice in 1975.