Anti-apartheid activist and politician. Joined the ANC Youth League while a student at the University of Fort Hare. She was politically active in the Transkei and was elected to the Transkei Legislative Assembly. She held several portfolios in the Transkei executive and campaigned to advanced women’s rights. Elected to parliament in 1994, she was minister of public enterprises from 1994-99, and then minister of public works until her death in 2006.