The Presidential Years

Leading member of South African Indian Congress and the Natal Indian Congress. In 1946, with Yusuf Dadoo, he led passive resistance campaigns among Indian South Africans to protest the Asiatic Land Tenure and the Indian Representation Act. As an early advocate of a multi-racial united front against apartheid he fostered an alliance with the ANC in 1947 known as the Dadoo-Xuma-Naicker Pact, or the Three Doctors' Pact. He was imprisoned several times for anti-apartheid activism.