The Presidential Years

Anti-apartheid activist, politician, and lawyer. Detained in 1976 and charged an acquitted twice before leaving the country and working for the ANC in exile. Involved in the ANC’s development of its approach to a democratic constitution and then in the negotiations process from 1990. He became deputy minister of home affairs in 1994, minister of mineral and energy affairs in 1996 and minister of justice and constitutional development in 1999.